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Brain injury explained

Traumatic brain injuries result from damage to the brain caused by an impact to the head, for example by fall from height or in a road collision

There are three main types of traumatic brain injury: closed head injuries, open or penetrating wounds and crushing injuries.  

Injuries to the brain are not always detected immediately after an accident or bump to the head, especially where there is no obvious external injury to the head. 

Non-traumatic brain injuries are the outcome of internal forces or illness.  Common causes can include encephalitis, hypoxia, tumours, hydrocephalus and vascular problems such as a stroke, haemorrhage or aneurysm. 

Spotting the signs of brain injury

The potential signs of mild brain injury include lack of balance, changes in social behaviour, blurred vision, sensitivity to light or sound and disturbed sleep.  According to the Brain Injury Institute approximately 15% of mild symptoms last over a year.

The effects of brain injury

The effects of brain injury can be subtle and may not be obvious to others.  Brain injury is sometimes referred to as a ‘hidden disability’ because it can have an impact on cognitive abilities such as memory loss or concentration and emotional behaviour by causing high levels of frustration and depression.  Physical effects range from dizziness to difficulties with mobility and co-ordination.

To speak to a member of the brain injury team please phone us on 020 7650 1200 or fill in our enquiry form and a member of the team will get back to you shortly.
 

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